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井冈山奋斗时期党的建设经历及启迪
来源:澳门十大网上博网址    作者:    发布时候: 2022-01-19 09:30:51   点击数: 打印本页
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​  (饶道良、记者徐瑞春)井冈山奋斗时期,正处于大反动失利今后,在那时庞杂情势和村落情况中,以毛泽东为代表的中国共产党人,在应答公民党频仍的军事防御和周密的经济封闭的同时,依然很是正视党的建设,出格是思惟、风格和轨制建设,以党的建设增进按照地各项任务,为获得各项奋斗的成功奠基了底子。在党的百韶华诞之际,重温井冈山奋斗时期党的思惟、风格和轨制建设经历,仍看到此中良多具备初创性的摸索与实际,这些可贵的经历对新时期党的建设庞大工程有着深远的汗青意思及现实指点感化。

  一、思惟建设

  YAOZAICUNLUOCHENGLIFANDONGANZHAODI,QISHOUBIXUZAICUNLUOPEIYANGYIZHINENGZHANYIDEBUDUI,KUOZHANDANGZAICUNLUODEDAZHONGDIZI。QIUSHOUPANNIHOUSHANGJINGGANGSHANTUZHONG,MAOZEDONGYIXIANGZAIDIAOYANBIANJINGDANGGOUZAOJIANSHEDEQINGKUANG。1927NIAN11YUESHANGXUN,MAOZEDONGZAININGGANGMAOPINGXIANGSHANANZHANGGUANZHAOKAILENINGGANG、YONGXIN、LIANHUASANXIANYUANDANGGOUZAODANFURENJIHUI,CEZHONGYANTAOZHONGXIUDANGDEGOUZAO、CEDONGDAZHONG、ZHANKAIDAZHONGWUZHUANGFENDOUDETIMU。XIANGSHANANJIHUIHOU,BIANJINGGEXIANDANGGOUZAODANFURENHUIDAOBENDIZHANKAIGUIFUHEZHONGXIUDANGGOUZAORENWU,MIANKONGWEIZHIYIXIN。NINGGANG、YONGXIN、LIANHUA、SUICHUAN、LINGXIAN、CHALINGDENGDIJIEZHONGGUIFUHECHENGLILEDANGDEXIANWEIHUOQUWEI。TONGSHI,CHENGLICUNLUOZHONGDANGDEXIACENGGOUZAO、ZAICUNLUOZHONGCHENGZHANGPINGUNONGRUDANGDENGGEXIANGRENWUYEJINYIBUZHANKAIQILAI。1927NIAN12YUE,QIANWEIDIAOPAIMAOZETANDENGRONGXINGGANBUDAONINGGANGXIANQIAOLINXIANGDENGCUNLUOZANZHUCHENGLIDANGDEGOUZAO;GONGNONGFANDONGJUNDEDANGDAIBIAOWANXIXIANZEBEIPAIWANGYONGXINJIULONGSHANQUYIDAIZANZHUCHENGLIDANGGOUZAO;1928NIAN3YUECHU,MAOZEDONGHAIQINSHENDAOYONGXINQIUXIDENGDI,CHENGZHANGLEYIPICUNLUODANGYUAN,CHENGLILEQIUXIXIANGDANGZHIBU。DIANMOYIXILIEJIANXINXIANGJINDERENWU,DAO1928NIAN5YUEQIANHOU,BIANJINGDANGDEJIANSHEJINRULEDACHENGZHANGSHIQI,BIANJINGDANGYUANRENSHUZUIDUOSHIDAODAWANRENYISHANG。

  JINGGANGSHANDANGGOUZAOCHENGZHANGJINHOU,YECHENGXIANLEYIXILIEXINDETIMU,RUNONGRENDANGYUANDEXIAOZICHANJIECENGSIWEIJIAOWEIYANJUN、DANGNEIJIYUZHUYIJINGXIANGCHUCHUKEJIAN、CHUSUOZHUYILIUXING、TUKEJIDICHUYANJUN。CHUGESHIZAIJINGGANGSHAN“BAYUESHILI”SHIQI,YUANLAIZAIDACHENGZHANGSHIQIYIXIETOUQIFENZIJIEGONGRANZHENGSHOUDANGYUANDEJIYUHUNRUDANGNEI,BAISEKEHAIYIDAO,TAMENYOUFENYUNFANPAN,LVLINGFANDONGPAIJIBUDANGNEITONGDAO,DANGDEGOUZAOSHOUDAOYANJUNFENSUI,YIDAOLEFEIZHENGLIBUKEDEJINGJIE。

  WEILECHUNZHENGDANGDEGOUZAO,JINBUDANGDEZHANYILI,1928NIAN9YUE,MAOZEDONGLVLINGCHIJUNDADUIZHONGFANJINGGANGSHANHOU,YI“YONGSHIDUANWAN”DEYONGQIDUIDANGGOUZAOTINGZHIZHOUQUANDEZHENGLIHEBANLI,ZHONGDIANSHISIWEIJIANDANG。

  DUIBIANJINGDANGYUANBUDUIDESIWEIZHUANGTAI,MAOZEDONGKANDEHENQINGXI,TATIGANGQILINGDIZHICHU: “ZANMENGANSHOUWUCHANJIECENGSIWEILVLINGDETIMU,SHIYIGEHENSHIZHUYAODETIMU。BIANJINGGEXIANDEDANG,JIJINWANZHENGSHINONGRENCHENGFENDEDANG,RUOBUCIYUWUCHANJIECENGDESIWEILVLING,QIQUSHISHIHUIYAOMAOBINGDE。”ZHENDUIBIANJINGDANGGOUZAODEXIANSHIZHUANGTAI,YIMAOZEDONGWEISHOUDEBIANJINGDANGGOUZAOBADANGYUANDESIWEIJIAODAOBAIZAILETUQIDEDIWEISHANG,CEZHONGKUADACONGSIWEISHANGRUDANG。JIAODAODEQINGSHIYOULIANGDUOZHONG,RUTINGZHIDANGTUANLIANXIBAN、ZHONGDIANJICUNLUODANGYUANSHANGDANGKE、YINFAJINXIUZILIAO、GOUZAOHUISHANGDENG,ZAIDANGYUANZHONGTINGZHIMAKESIZHUYIHEWUCHANJIECENGSIWEIJIAODAO。1928NIAN10YUEXIAXUN,BIANJINGDANGGOUZAOZAININGGANGMAOPINGXIANGSHANANCHUANGBANLEXIANGGANBIANJINGDIYIQIDANGTUANLIANXIBAN,JUEHOUYOUZAICIPINGTINGZHILEYIQIDANGTUANLIANXIBAN,JIHETINGZHISIWEIZHENGLIHEDANGDEGENJISHIJIDELIANXI。DIANMOJIAODAO,JINBULEFANBODANGYUANDEMAKESIZHUYICHENGDU,ZENGQIANGLETAMENWEIGONGCHANZHUYIERFENDOUDEZHENGZHIZERENGAN。

  二、风格建设

  MAOZEDONGZAI《JINGGANGSHANDEFENDOU》YIWENZHONGTANDAOJINGGANGSHANDEWUZIHUKOUQIANTISHISHUO: “SHENMERENDOUSHIYIYANGKU,CANJUNZHANGDAOHUOFU,CHUSHILIANGWAIYIGAICHIWUFENQIANDECHUISHI。FALINGYONGQIAN,LIANGJIAOJIYIGAILIANGJIAO,SIJIAOJIYIGAISIJIAO。SHIYIBINGSHIYEBUCHOUHENSHENMEREN。”1929NIAN9YUE1RI,CHENYIZAISHANGHAICAONIDEXIANGZHONGJIANZUODE《DUIZHUMAOJUNDEHANQINGJIQIZHUANGTAIDEBAOGAO》ZHONGTANDAO: “CHIJUNYOUYIFULIANYUDAO: ‘CHIJUNZHONGGUANBINGFUXINXIANGCHUANCHIYIYANG,JUNFALIJIANGXIAOWEIQIJUYINSHICHABIE’。ZAIZE,CHIJUNDEGUANBINGWUZIXIANGYONGYIYANG,YISHIGUANBINGBUNENGYOUSHENMEBIELI。DAZHONGJIDIBINGFULUCHUDUPIEJIANDINGDINGTAIFUDESIJUNJUNZHANGNEIYANGMANGXIECAOLV,HENSHIPOLAN,MOBUJINGYA。RUOBUXIANRONG,ZUIDUOZHINENGGUJITASHIYIGEHUOFUTOU,TONGSHIDAOCIKE‘HUOFUTOU’SANGEZIQIACHENGLESIJUNJUNZHANGDEHUNHAO。”ZHEIXIEHANQINGWENXIANSHIZAIDIFANYINGLEJINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQI,ANZHAODILVLINGRENZAIFENGGEJIANSHEFANGMIANSUOQIDEDAITOUGANHUAHEQICHANSHENGDEPANGDAXIAOYING。

  QIDANMAOZEDONG、ZHUDE、CHENYIDENGLVLINGRENZUOCHULEKAIMO,ANZHAODIQIYULVLINGRENDEZIFAXINGDONGYIYANGQIDAOLECHUIFANGANHUA。QIUSHOUPANNIQIAN,YUBIMINSHIYIMINGSHIZHANG,DAOSHANGJINGGANGSHANHOU,TADANFUZHIYAOJIGEGONGRENDEBEIFUCHANGCHANGZHANG,HAOWULAOSAO。DANGBEIFUCHANGDIYIPIMIANYICHUCHANGSHI,QIANFANGLIUSHOUCHUZHURENDENGYUNTINGZHENZHUODAOYUBIMINDELEYANJUNDEFENGSHIXINGSHUNIUYAN,QUANTALIUXIAYITAO,DANYUBIMINJUNJUBUSHOU,QUANSHUSONGDAOXIACENGBINGSHIDESHOULI。JUEHOU,YUBIMINCHURENXIANGGANBIANJINGGONGNONGBINGDANGJUCAIWUBUZHANGJIANHONGSIJUNJUNBUCAIWUZONGGUAN。CHIJUNDATUHAOSHOUJIAODECAIBO,TONGYIYOUCAIWUBUBANLIFENPEI,ERNEIXIEJINTIAO、JINZHUAN、JINZHUO、JINJIEZHIDENG,DOUYOUYUBIMINQINSHENBAOCUN。KEBIANSHIRUXUYIMING“CAISHENYE”,LIANYISHUANG6JIAOQIANDEYUXIEDOUSHEBUDEMAI,YINIANDAOTOUDOUCHUANDAIBENSHENBIANZHIDEMANGXIE。

  ZAIJINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQI,QIASHIYINWEIZISHANGERXIADOUGOUCHENGGUANBINGFENQIDEFENGGE,YISHI,JIBIANWUZIHUKOUJIWEIQINGPIN,CHIJUNBINGSHIBULAOSAO,FANERZUOZHANJIABEIYINGYONG,YIZHIDUIZHIZHEXINGWANGDEFANDONGDOUZHIHEFANDONGDEBEIGUANZHUYIJINGLI,ZAIJIANJUDEGUANGYINLIWEIMOSUOZHONGGUOFANDONGXINTUJINGGONGXIANZHEFANGHUA、REXUEHEXINGMING。

  三、轨制建设

  JINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQI,YINWEIGELEIKAIPIXINGDERENWUHENSHIJIANJU,QINGKUANGJIWEIPANGZA,SHIYIZAIGUIZHIJIANSHEFANGMIANPENGDAODEJIANKUHENSHIDUO,KESHINEISHIYIMAOZEDONGWEISHOUDEXIANGGANBIANJINGDANGHEDANGJUZAIZHEIYIFANGMIANYIRANTINGZHILEWUYIDEMOSUO,CHENGLIHESHISHILEMINZHUZHUYIGUIZHI、DANGDAIBIAOGUIZHI、XUNCHAYUANGUIZHI、MINZHUJIHEZHIDENGDUOXIANGGUIZHI。

  民主主义轨制是三湾改编时提出来的。在此之前,步队仍是因循着曩昔公民反动军的一些做法,出格是残存的旧军阀主义习惯较为严峻,随便吵架兵士的景象常常产生,官兵报酬极不同等,间接影响了官兵之间的连合和步队的战役力。三湾改编后,步队连以上设立兵士委员会,让兵士大众参与戎行的民主办单位:澳门十大网上博网址

  GONGMINRONGXINGSHISHIDANGDAIBIAOGUIZHIYESHICONGSANWANGAIBIANQITOU。MAOZEDONGCHUCHUANG“ZHIBUJIANZAILIANSHANG”,LIANYISHANGDOUSHEYOUDANGDAIBIAOYIZHI,TEDIZUOBINGSHIDAZHONGDEZHENGZHISIWEIRENWU,SHIBUDUIJINJINDIBAWOZAIDANGDESHOUZHONG。DANGDAIBIAODANFUDANGWURENWU,BAWOZHENGZHIBIAODEMUDE。DANGDAIBIAOSHENXIANSHIZU,XIANGLEZAIQIAN,XIANGYONGZAIHOU,WEIBUDUIGUANBINGCHENGLILEDIANFAN。MAOZEDONGZAIJIZHONGJIANDEBAOGAOZHONGSHUO: “DANGDAIBIAOGUIZHI,JINGLIZHENGSHIBUNENGBACHU。CHUGESHIZAILIANYIJI,YINDANGDEZHIBUJIANSHEZAILIANSHANG,DANGDAIBIAOGENGJIAZHUYAO。TAYAOCUICUBINGSHIWEIYUANHUITINGZHIZHENGZHILIANXI,ZHIDIANMINYUNRENWU,TONGSHIYAODANFUDANGDEZHIBUBUGAO。”

  XUNCHAYUANGUIZHIDESHISHI,SHIJINGGANGSHANFANDONGANZHAODIDEJIANSHENENGSHISHIDILINGHUIZHONGJIANDEZUIXINMUBIAOZHENGCE,YECONGGUIZHISHANGBAOZHANGLEBIANJINGDANGDUIANZHAODIGEXIANQUXIANGRENWUDEZHIDIAN。TONGSHI,JINGYOUGUOCHENGXUNCHAYUAN,SHIJINGGANGSHANFENDOUDEJINGLIDEYIXIANGTIANXIAGEDITINGZHIPUBIANCHUANBU。

  四、井冈山奋斗时期党的建设的启迪

  1、DUIZHIDANGDUITONGTONGRENWUDELVLING

  MAKESIZHUYIYIWEI: “WUCHANJIECENGZHENGDANGSHIWUCHANJIECENGFANDONGQIJIDELVLINGZHE”。WUCHANJIECENGZHIYAOZAIBENSHENDEZHENGDANGLVLINGXIA,NENGLIZAIFANDONGZHONGDUIZHIZHUNQUEDEZHENGZHIBIAODEMUDE、NIDINGZHUNQUEDEJIMOUZHANLVE,HUODEFANDONGDEZHONGJIUCHENGGONG。ZHIYAODUIZHIWUCHANJIECENGLVLINGQUANNENGLIHUODEZHONGGUOFANDONGDEWANZHENGCHENGGONG。ZAIJINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQI,YIMAOZEDONGWEISHOUDEXIANGGANBIANJINGDANGBADANGDEJIANSHE、BAISEZHENGQUANJIANSHE、GONGMINRONGXINGJIANSHE、DIPANFANDONGHEANZHAODIQIYUFANGMIANDEJIANSHEYIZHITONGYIZAIDANGDELVLINGZHIXIA,YISHINENGLISHIJINGGANGSHANJIANXINZHUOJUEDEFENDOUYIZHICHAOZHEZHUNQUEBIAODEMUDEXIANGQIANCHENGZHANG,NENGLIZAIFANDONGGAOCHAOSHIQI,ZAIDUANDUANDELIANGNIANSIGEYUEDEFENDOUZHONGBUSHIDIQIANGDADANGDEGOUZAO,HUODEYIGEYOUYIGEDUIDIFENDOUDECHENGGONG,DUIJILEKEGUIDEJINGLI,BINGZHONGJIUWANCHENGSHIJIDELIYIYUSHENGHUA,TICHULE“GONGNONGWUZHUANGPANJU”SIWEI,MOSUOCHULEZHONGGUOFANDONGCHENGGONGZHILU,WEIZHONGGUOFANDONGDEZHOUQUANCHENGGONGDIANJILEDIZI。

  2、DUIZHISIWEIJIANDANG

  YAODUIZHIDANGDEJINBUQIANBEIXING,DUIZHIDANGDEBUDUIDECHUNZHENGXING,SHIDANGGOUZAOJUBEIZHANYILI、NINGJILI,BIXUBUSHIDIDUIQUANBUDANGYUANTINGZHIWUCHANJIECENGSIWEIJIAODAO,YAOCONGDIZISHANGCHULISIWEIRUDANGDETIMU。RUOSHIBUCHULIZHEIGETIMU,YOUXIEYUANLAISHIHAODEDANGYUANNAIZHIDANGDELVLINGGANBUYEHUIFUSHICHUCUO。ZAIJINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQI,YIMAOZEDONGWEISHOUDEJINGGANGSHANQIANWEIHEJINGGANGSHANCHUSUODANGGOUZAOGURANLVLINGDESHIYIGENONGRENDANGYUANZHANDADADOUDEDANGYUANBUDUI,ZHEIXIEDANGYUANYOUZHERUXUNEIYANGDECUOWUMIUWU,KESHI,BIANJINGGEJIDANGGOUZAOYIZHIBENZHEYIWUCHANJIECENGSIWEIJIAODAOFANBODANGYUANDESIWEI,JINLICHULICONGSIWEISHANGRUDANGDETIMU,CHONGSHICHANYANGGEJIDANGGOUZAOHEFANBODANGYUANDEQIANFENGBANGYANGGANHUA,SHIYI,NENGSHIJINGGANGSHANFANDONGANZHAODILIYUBUBAIZHIDI。

  3、DUIZHIYIGONGMINWEIZHONGJIAN

  LIANHEDAZHONG、YITUODAZHONGSHIJINGGANGSHANFANDONGANZHAODICHENGLIHECHENGZHANGDEZHUYAOBAOBEI。JINGGANGSHANSHIWODANGDAZHONGXIANLUDEYAOLAN,SHIZHANKAIDAZHONGRENWUDEZUIZAOSHIJIDIZHIYI。DAZHONGXIANLUZHANGGUANGGUANGXIANXIANGONGCHANDANGRENZUIGUANGXIANDEZHENGZHITAIDU,YESHIGONGCHANDANGRENZUIKEGUIDEZHENGZHIFENGZHI。JINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQI,WODANGZAIZHEILIDIZAOXINGDIZHANKAIDAZHONGRENWU,BA“ZUODAZHONGRENWU”ZUOWEICHIJUNDESANDARENWUZHIYI,YIZHIDUIZHI“XUANYANGDAZHONG、GOUZAODAZHONG、WUZHUANGDAZHONG、ZANZHUDAZHONGCHENGLIFANDONGZHENGQUAN”DEGENJIZHUNSHENG,BAFENLIDEGONGZHONGZHUANHUAWEIFANDONGFENDOUDEZHUYAOQILI,DANG、CHIJUNHEDAZHONGYIZHIDUIZHIZHEYUSHUIXIANGYI、XUEROUXIANGLIANDEJINMIQINMIJIEQIA,ZHUCHENGLEYIDAOJUNMINPEIHEDUIDIDE“ZHENSHIDEJINCHENGTANGCHI”。“DIJUNWEIKUNWANQIANZHONG,WOZIWENSIBUDONG”,CONGERBODEZHANYIDECHENGGONG,PUXIELEMAKESIZHUYIDAZHONGGAINIANZHONGGUOHUADEXINPIANZHANG。

  4、GUILVJIANSHESHIBAOZHANG

  GUILVJIANSHESHIZHIDANGDEZHIBIAOZHICE。JINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQICONGSANDAGUILVLIUXIANGZHUZHONGDAODANGNEIGUILVDEYANZHENG,BIANSHIWEILEBAOZHANGBUDUINENGGENGHAODILVXINGDANGDEGANGYAOXIANLU,SHENQIEZHANKAIDAZHONGRENWU,BAOZHANGCHIJUNDEZHUZHISHIWEIGONGNONGERZHAN、WEIGONGMINERZHAN,BAOZHANGQUANBUGONGCHANDANGRENFUYINGJINGXINQUANYIWEIGONGMINBANSHIDEZHUZHI。CHIJUNDEGUILVYUCHIJUNDEZHUZHI,YUWODANGDEZHUZHISHIWANZHENGTONGYIDE。JINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQIDEGUILVJIANSHEDUIZENGQIANGRONGXINGJIANSHE,JINMIQINMIDANGQUNGANXI,ZENGQIANGGUANBINGLIANHE,CUANDUOFANDONGZHANYIDECHENGGONG,QILEYANZHONGDEGANHUA。JINGGANGSHANFENDOUSHIQIDEGUILVJIYOUDAZHONGGUILV,GENGYOUZHENGZHIGUILV,DUIQUANBUDANGYUANHEQUANBUJIASHITICHULEMINGBAIDEQINGQIU,SHIDANG、ZHENG、JUNGEJIGOUZAOKEYIHUOXUBUDIAOFENQI,BAOZHANGLEDANGDEXIANLUMUBIAOZHENGCENENGZHUNQUEGUANCHELVXING,BAOZHANGLEDANGDEZHANYILIYUNINGJILI。

  “DATIEBIXUBENSHENYING”。ZONGGUANZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGBAINIANGUOCHENG,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLVLINGGONGMINCUANDUOLEZHONGGUOFANDONGDECHENGGONG,WEISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEDUIJILEKEGUIJINGLI,HUODELEDINGXINKAIFANGDEPANGDACHENGJI,GUANJIANDEYUANYOUBIANSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYIZHIGAODUZHENGSHIZENGQIANGHEGAILIANGDANGDEJIANSHE,ZENGQIANGHEGAILIANGDANGDELVLING。JINRUXINSHIQI,ZANMENDANGYAOCHENGDANGQIDUIZHIHECHENGZHANGZHONGGUOTEDIANSHEHUIZHUYIDEHANQINGRENWU,BIXUZENGQIANGBENSHENJIANSHE,QUEBAODANGYIZHIZOUSHIQIQIANXIAN,YIZHICHENGWEILVLINGJIAODIAN,YIZHICHENGWEIZHONGGUOGONGMINHEZHONGHUAMINZUDEZHUXINGU,NENGLIBUFUGONGMINDEZHONGTUOHEHANQINGDETIAOXUAN,LIANHELVLINGTIANXIAGONGMINWANCHENGZHONGHUAMINZUPANGDAHUIFUDEZHONGGUOMENG。

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